Monday, 9 September 2019, ​15:00–16:30 (Bogor) / 11:00–12:30 (Nairobi)

List of CIFOR-ICRAF scientists and their research profile (biodiversity)

Background

  1. The decade of biodiversity has brought some impressive progress in improving investments into protected area networks, however, the actual “drivers” of biodiversity loss outside protected areas have not been mitigated. One of the biggest drivers is the expansion and intensification of agricultural areas. By “expansion”, we mean land-use change from natural habitat (e.g. forest) to agriculture; by “intensification” we mean the replacement of mixed agricultural systems that have both a high agrobiodiversity as well as high variation in land use and land cover. Mainstreaming biodiversity into agriculture means that policies are developed that make both agricultural land use and agricultural production biodiversity friendly. For land use, that means that policies are designed and implemented that mitigate both expansion and intensification of agriculture.
  2. Governments and practitioners need both indicators and interventions to
    a) monitor and evaluate the biodiversity status of agricultural landscapes; and
    b) mitigate the effects of expansion and intensification.
  3. CIFOR-ICRAF is proposing that trees and forests in and around agricultural areas are a good proxy indicator to evaluate the biodiversity status of agricultural landscapes because they provide habitat for non-agricultural species as well as landscape connectivity to allow species to migrate between protected areas.
  4. CIFOR-ICRAF also have the technical expertise to provide appropriate technical and policy interventions that conserve and enhance trees and forests within agricultural landscapes while making agriculture more productive and more resilient.
  5. As a first step, we need to provide evidence that agricultural areas with trees and forests
    a) have a higher biodiversity value than agricultural areas without trees;
    b) that the increase in biodiversity value does not make the systems less productive.
  6. For this science week session, we focus on “making trees and forests a key signifier for high-biodiversity-value agricultural landscapes”. We are inviting “speed talks” to give us all an overview about the strength of our evidence base that supports our argument.

Structure
The session will be in two parts: a 45-minute session of presentations; and a 45-minute session of facilitated discussion.

Presentations
Keynote address: “”Suggestions for Transformative Change in ASEAN for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework”. Elpidio Peria, ASEAN Center of Biodiversity (ACB).

Elpidio V. Peria started working with ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB) last January 2018 having practiced law for two decades in General Santos City in Mindanao Island, Philippines with a mixture of government and non-government clientele while also teaching at the Mindanao State University –Gen. Santos City Graduate School on Sustainable Development Studies subjects that dealt with law, policy and ethics and sustainability transitions. He has been assigned as the Tasks Enforcer of the Biodiversity-based Products (BBP) Project of the ACB supported by the GIZ implemented in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Viet Nam and also as Coordinator of the ACB-National Biodiversity Authority of India Cooperation on ABS/TKDL, Urban Biodiversity and the Aichi Targets and is thus fairly familiar with the challenges faced by ASEAN Member States in implementing their national biodiversity strategies and action plans. ACB is an ASEAN intergovernmental body that coordinates ASEAN and other organizations to ensure sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of resources. ACB builds capacities of ASEAN Member States through the ASEAN Working Group on Nature and Biodiversity in implementing the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing, City Biodiversity Index and the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020.

Speed talks
“Evidence base for the contribution of trees and forests towards biodiversity conservation in landscapes.”

  1. Douglas Sheil and Yves Laumonier (CIFOR)
  2. Madelon Lohbeck (ICRAF)
  3. Michaela Lo (CIFOR)
  4. Subekti Rahayu and Gerhard Manurung (ICRAF)
  5. Rhett Harrison (ICRAF)
  6. Roeland Kindt and Ian Dawson (ICRAF)
  7. Terry Sunderland (CIFOR)
  8. Titiek Setyawati (CIFOR)

Plenary discussion
Facilitators: Yves Laumonier and Anja Gassner.

  1. What are the key contributions of trees and forests in agricultural landscapes for biodiversity conservation?
  2. Aichi Target 7 implies that sustainable agricultural practices will lead to biodiversity conservation. Do you agree?
  3. What would be the key interventions to restore biodiversity across agricultural landscapes?

Output
Technical paper, to be presented at the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice meeting in November this year, on the role of trees and forests for mainstreaming biodiversity across landscapes.